The war between the athenians and the spartans as written by thucydides was a great one that no other that had ever occurred could be compared to, so says thucydides thucydides views the preparations on both sides to have been perfect and that the hellenic race was joining the war as well he. Ancient philosophy plato's concept of justice: an analysis the views propounded by cephalus and polemarchus were criticized by plato the view point of cephalus. Plato and aristotle views on democracy plato's other arguments do not apply very well to democracy today aristotle's arguments against democracy are. Plato supposed that there is, and his arguments on this point occupy the bulk of the phaedo the cycle of opposites the first argument is based on the cyclical interchange by means of which every quality comes into being from its own opposite.
If plato's account is accurate, the jury knew that the only way to stop socrates from lecturing about the moral weaknesses of athenians was to kill him if i f stone is right, the most damaging accusation against socrates concerned his association with critias, the cruel leader of the thirty tyrants. In what follows, we will treat the views expressed by socrates the character as socrates' own views, though it should be noted that the closer we get to a final answer or comprehensive theory of happiness, the closer we are to plato than to the historical socrates. This lesson focuses on the crito, in which socrates argues against the idea that he should escape the penalty of death imposed on him by athens, laying the groundwork for future debates over the rights of the individual and the rule of law students read the dialogue and analyze its arguments in. Plato's views on art the argument against the representation of the bad in the arts rests on the following: (i) it is a falsehood, (ii) it is wicked or sinful.
In fact, socrates pictures the laws of athens proposing two independent lines of argument in favor of this claim: first, the state is to us as a parent is to a child, and since it is always wrong for a child to disobey a parent, it follows that it is always wrong to disobey the state. I remember reading an argument that declaring some of plato's dialogues to be early and others late involves a lot of question begging i wish i remembered it better reply. Introduction to plato and perfects the classical point of view plato hardly claims the power to grasp absolute truth for himself withdrew to athens plato. Were the athenians right to sentence socrates to death or ethical arguments against death penalty in general, but reason exclusively from the athenian point of.
Realism vs ethics in thucydides edit compelling argument on behalf of thucydides the text that indicate a realist point of view and then connecting them to. Plato ii: objective values plato gives many arguments in opposition to protagoras' radical relativism our point of view limits what we can apprehend and. Plato would not support that, his arguments against democracy are best characterized as him comparing it to children given a choice between sweet candy and a doctor's bitter but necessary medicine i cannot imagine why that argument can be used to claim he hated direct democracy like ancient athens but not to claim he hated representative.
Plato's idea of a good education what is interesting about the republic from our point of view is the emphasis on a good education for the elite group in charge of plato's ideal society. Plato's life and works - plato was born into an influential family of athens athens was at the center of the greek miracle, the use of reason to understand the world athens was at the center of the greek miracle, the use of reason to understand the world. For the major point of plato's discussion of knowledge, education, and democracy is the contention that democracy will not work--will not be a true democracy--unless its citizens are sufficiently prepared for it this is a point that many modern democrats share.
The strongest argument of those who claim socrates did not actually believe in the idea of philosopher kings is that the view is expressed no earlier than plato's republic, which is widely considered one of plato's middle dialogues and not representative of the historical socrates's views. Eristic, for plato, consists in arguments aimed at victory rather than at truth antilogic involves the assignment to any argument of a counterargument that negates it, with the implication that both argument and counterargument are equally true antilogic in this sense was especially associated with protagoras but plato, no doubt correctly, attributes its use to other sophists as well. The apology of socrates begins with socrates addressing the jury to ask if the men of athens (the jury) have been persuaded by the orators lycon, anytus, and meletus, who have accused socrates of corrupting the young people of the city and of impiety against the pantheon of athens.
Yes, i think aristotle was against democracy the way he defined it both plato and aristotle discussed democracy in terms of the six categories framework the six categories consist of three pairs and the first two are royalty becomes tyranny when perverted the next two are aristocracy becomes oligarchy when perverted. In the meno, plato reports that socrates's argument that the great statesmen of athenian history have nothing to offer in terms of an understanding of virtue enrages anytus plato quotes anytus as warning socrates: socrates, i think that you are too ready to speak evil of men: and, if you will take my advice, i would recommend you to be careful. Plato questions and answers the theme of this famous allegory is that our perception of reality is limited by our point of view, in fact that any perception is a limited one what are the. Although some scholars have thought otherwise, socrates himself does not adopt a hedonist analysis of the good in the protagoras or elsewhere either in plato or xenophon indeed, he speaks elsewhere against hedonist views (see hedonism.